1 edition of Nationwide occurrence of radon and other natural radioactivity in public water supplies found in the catalog.
Nationwide occurrence of radon and other natural radioactivity in public water supplies
Thomas R. Horton
by U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Radiation Programs, Eastern Environmental Radiation Facility in Montgomery, AL
Written in English
|Statement||Thomas R. Horton|
|Contributions||United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Radiation Programs|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xxiii, 208 p. :|
|Number of Pages||208|
Of all the radioisotopes that contribute to natural background radiation, radon presents the largest risk to human health. There are three naturally occurring isotopes of radon, but the use of the term radon in this paper refers specifically to Rn, which is a decay product of U. A recent report by the National Research Council suggested that between and 33 lung cancer deaths Cited by: China on the other hand is engaged in an all out effort using soft power to garner fuel and other natural resource markets to fuel its economy and increased the funding for the China Development corporation from $ billion to $ billion (Nye ). In his article, Steve Jones
12 Some states recommend that all private wells and community drinking water supplies be tested within a five-mile radius of a well pad. 13 Routine indoor radon testing is also recommended by the EPA, and in fact is required by some states as part of real estate transactions. Other government-wide procurement regulations relating to public contracts appear in chapters 50 through , subtitle B. The Federal property management regulations in chapter of subtitle C are government-wide property management regulations issued by the General Services Administration.
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Get this from a library. Nationwide occurrence of radon and other natural radioactivity in public water supplies. [Thomas R Horton; United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of. Thomas R. Horton is the author of CEO Paradox ( avg rating, 2 ratings, 1 review, published ), Nationwide Occurrence of Radon and Other Natural Ra 3/5.
Hess CT, Norton SA, Brutsaert WF, Lowry JF, Weiffenbach CV, Casparius RE, Coombs KG, Brandow JE. Investigation of Rn, Ra, and U in Air and Groundwaters of Maine. BME. University of Maine at Orono: Land and Water Resources Center. Horton TR. Nationwide Occurrence of Radon and Other Natural Radioactivity in Public Water.
38 NATURAL RADIOACTIVITY AND RADIATION Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) limit for total radium of kBq/m3 (5 pCi/L) was exceeded in many communities that obtain water from groundwater, including communities of aboutin Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, and Wisconsin.
The thorium series contains radium and radium The actinium series contains uranium B. Previous Sources of Radionuclide Occurrence Data Inthe EPA released a nationwide occurrence study of radon and other naturally occurring radionuclides in public water supplies called the National Inorganic and Radionuclides Survey (NIRS).
Indoor radon levels in the spa vary within a wide range, [7–] Bqm−3 because the groundwater used in the treatment rooms is the primary source of radon in the air.
Tap water radon levels. for radioactivity present in water for public consumption excluding tritium, 40 K and radon and its decay products. A separate parametric v alue of Bq l − 1 is set for tritium acti vity in.
Horton, Nationwide Occurrence of Radon and Other Natural Radioactivity in Public Water Supplies, U.S. EPA Report /, U.S.
EPA Eastern Environmental Radiation Facility, Montgomery, AL (), p. Google Scholar. Standard test method for radon in drinking water. Annual book of ASTM methods. Vol. Water (III) West Conshohocken, PA: American Society for Testing and Materials; Method D.
Radon in potable water supplier Approximately percent of all U.S. drinking water supplies and 1/3 to 1/5 of all ground water supplies have radon concentrations greater than pCi/£. Table lists typical Rn concentrations in ground water supplies at selected areas in the United Statas.
For public or commercial water supplies, the European Commission recommends that remedial action be taken if the radon level exceeds Bq/l. A tap water radon concentration of Bq/l contributes to Bq/m3 to indoor air and thus corresponds to the indoor air radon.
A total of raw-water samples (before treatment) were collected from 15 principal and other major aquifer systems (PAs) used for drinking water in 45 states in all major physiographic provinces of the USA and analyzed for concentrations of the Ra isotopes Ra, Ra and Ra establishing the framework for evaluating Ra occurrence.
The US Environmental Protection Agency Maximum Cited by: Hess C, Michel J, Horton T, et al. The occurrence of radioactivity in public water supplies in the United States. Health Phys 48(5) Hess C, Weiffenbach C, Norton S. Environmental radon and cancer correlations in Maine.
Health Phys 45(2) Hodgson JT, Jones RD. Mortality of a cohort of tin miners the __ __ __ __ () was passed by congress in and amended in and to protect public health by regulating the nation' public drinking water supplies.
safe water drinking act THE ___ __ ___ ___, gives EPA the right to set standard for naturally occuring and manmade substances in H2O. * The EPA estimates that natural ground-level ozone concentrations in the continental U.S.
are roughly ppm to ppm and are typically less than ppm “under conditions conducive to high O3 episodes.” Five other studies have produced results ranging from ppm to ppm.
While the EPA does not currently regulate radon in drinking water, it has proposed this alternative limit for public water supplies in states like Pennsylvania, which has an EPA-approved radon indoor air quality program.
For states without an approved program, the EPA has proposed a lower, more protective, maximum contaminant level of Process by-products, including mining, dredging, and other resource extraction processes falls under what class of chemical contaminants in water.
Industrial wastes Nutrients, range of household and agricultural chemicals (including those suspected to cause endocrine disruption) fall under what class of chemical contaminants in water.
EPA sets legal limits on over 90 contaminants in drinking water. The legal limit for a contaminant reflects the level that protects human health and that water systems can achieve using the best available technology.
EPA rules also set water-testing schedules and methods that water systems must follow. The Apsaálooke people still maintain their language, ceremonial practices, and relationships to the rivers, springs and other natural resources.
Water as a “giver of life,” an “essence of life,” has always been held in high respect by the Apsaálooke people and considered a source for health; water continues to be a sacred resource Cited by: Lowry JD, Hoxie DC, Moreau E.
Extreme levels of radon and uranium in a private water supply. In: Graves B, editor. Radon in ground water, radon, radium and other radioactivity in ground water: Hydrogeologic impact and application to indoor airborne contamination; Proceedings of the National Water Well Association Conference; Somerset, NJ.
EWG also mapped the nationwide occurrence of radium, the most common radioactive element found in tap water. From tomore t utilities serving over million people in all 50 states reported the presence of radium in their water.Executive Summary. The Osage Nation lacks a comprehensive tribal water plan to describe the quality and quantity of water resources in the Osage Nation, a 2,square-mile (mi 2) area of rolling pastures, tallgrass prairie, and mixed woodlands in northeastern Oklahoma.A tribal water plan can be used to help manage the sustainable development of surface and groundwater resources, thereby.Analysis of Water, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Water and Environmental Technology, Vol Water (I), p.).
For clarification, in this rule, EPA is adding a statement to the text preceding Tables IA to IG at §(a), and Table II at §(e) to state that reporting requirements of .